Oral antibiotics for acne have been a basis of therapy for many years for individuals with mild to moderate and to severe acne, . As any other treatment options, it is used to minimise bacterial infection that causes acne, which in turn, decreases inflammation.
on the severity of acne, treatment usually begins with a higher dosage and
decreased as acne resolves. In most cases, oral antibiotics are prescribed for a
maximum of six months. Sometimes the bacteria that causes acne become resistant
to the treatments used to treat it. When this happened, another antibiotics
should be prescribed.
In order to reduce the risk of
developing antibiotic resistance, most dermatologists prescribe topical benzoyl
peroxide together with oral antibiotics for acne.
Oral antibiotics helps to protect skin against the proliferation of P. acnes within the sebaceous follicle. Some of the antibiotics such as tetracyclines, have both anti-inflammatory and antibiotic effects. The most commonly used oral antibiotics include:
The main purpose of taking
oral antibiotics for the treatment of acne is to target and kill a
bacteria called P. acne that is believed to be a major causal factor in infection
and inflammation. When using antibiotics for acne, it's important to understand
the possible side effects to prevent complications.
It is difficult to mention all the
possible side effects of acne antibiotic here. If you want to know more about
the side effects specific to your acne antibiotic, you have to read the
information package that comes with the medicine. The followings are some of
the common side effects:
Allergic reaction is the most risky side effects of using
antibiotics for acne. If you see the following symptoms such as difficulty
breathing, itching, rash, and swelling
of the face, tongue and mouth after medication, contact your doctor
immediately. If you do not get medical
attention soon from a severe allergic reaction,
serious complications, as well as death, can occur.
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics
Bacterial resistance to antibiotic is another side effect
that can occur as a results of antibiotic treatment. Resistance arise when
the bacteria that causes acne developed
immunity against the antibiotic being applied for treatment. This condition
makes the antibiotics no longer effective in combating the bacteria.
Digestive complication is another forms of side effects as a
results of acne antibiotics. It ranges from loss of appetite, stomach cramps, nausea and
diarrhea, to severe side effects such as vomiting, bloody stool and severe
Hearing loss, Irregular heartbeat, yellowing of the eyes and
skin, blistered skin, and muscle weakness.
Usually acne antibiotics are not prescribed to a pregnant and
breast feeding woman. Otherwise, it can negatively
affect teeth and bone development and possibly cause birth defect.
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