Papules are a form of acne vulgaris that has small red bumps measuring between 0.5 centimeters and 1.5 centimeters in diameter. It rise above the skin, with the contained inflammation causing the red coloring and making the lesion tender to touch. It may appear alone or in groups.
bumps reveal no visible pores as in blackheads, and they are not white like
whiteheads. Instead, they are closed, red and surrounded by skin inflammation.
Typically it appear on the face, but may appear on other parts of the
body. It occurs when the wall of a hair follicle break and cave in. The
visible inflammation is due to white blood cells rushing in, however; they
contain no pus.
it is not caused by "dirty" pores, acne papules are caused by clogged
pores. This type of
acne forms when a follicular wall breaks and white blood cells rush in to
confront bacteria, leading to inflammation. Overproduction of sebum, an oily
substance manufactured to lubricate the hair and skin, or an excess of dead
skin cells may clog hair follicles and lead to papule acne. Hormones, heredity,
bacteria, certain medications and even restrictive clothing may be responsible
for increased sebum production.
It occurs when a
hair follicle becomes inflamed--this is different from other acne occurrences
such as whiteheads or blackheads, as these are caused by sebum blockages. This
inflammation can come as the result of sweating and friction to the skin; as a
reaction to extreme heat or medications; or even due to a genetic
predisposition toward forming papules. These bumps are often raised above the
skin, but may be flesh-colored and only noticeable by touch.
This type of acne may be treated
with over-the-counter topical creams and lotions, prescription drugs,
antibiotics, laser and light therapy, or cosmetic procedures such as chemical
peels and microdermabrasion. Topical acne treatments all attempt to kill
bacteria, dry up excessive oil and slough dead skin cells, thereby reducing the
risk of clogged follicles. For more severe cases of such acne, individuals
may require antibiotics to eliminate bacteria and fight inflammation.