Blackheads are a type of acne similar to whiteheads that tends to form during the teen years but can grow at any time. They are essentially comedones that appear as tiny blackish dots on the surface of the skin. It is very common in people of all ages, often occurring on the facial area in cases of teen acne and adult acne.
Blackheads are mild form of acne vulgaris, which dermatologists also refer to as open comedonal acne as it has a wide opening on the skin with a blackened mass of skin debris covering the opening.
The exact cause of
Whitehead or Blackhead Acne is unknown, However many doctors and scientists
believe that they result from several related factors. Some includes genetics,
hormones, some medications, stress, humidity and physical irritation. Typically
blackheads are caused by the overproduction of oil, which tends to occur when a
person reaches puberty. Remember that a blackhead is not caused by dirt.
Scrubbing your face vigorously when you see blackheads will not help.
forms when the pores of the skin becomes clogged by dead skin cells. As the
tiny skin cell particles keep accumulating, the pores become blocked, therefore;
the normal drainage of sebum is obstructed. Because the oily secretions of the
sebaceous glands cannot leave the pores anymore, they tend to accumulate
beneath the epidermis.
oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands consist of oils, wax, bacteria
and dead skin cells, which contain pigments. When these pigments reacts with
air, oxidation takes place and the melanin produces a black discoloration.
Blackheads usually seen as
yellowish or blackish plugs in the skin. The dark or black color of blackheads
is not caused by dirt or cosmetics. It is most commonly located in the T-zone
area of the face, such as forehead, nose, and the area around your mouth and
chin, where sebaceous glands are the most active. Remember that a blackhead is
not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face vigorously when you see blackheads will