Acne is a common skin disease that
affects more than fifty million people
in the United States, of which more than half are women older than 25 years
old. Compared with men, traditional acne treatment methods fails to cure acne
Nobody knows how, but acne increases
during menstrual and premenstrual cycle. Experts says, there is something
associated with hormonal changes. When we come to the prevention, acne induced
by hormone can be hard to treat easily as it appear a week before the onset of menstruation.
Acne is also emerged during
pregnancy especially in the first trimester. This is by far due to the level of hormonal
change. Any time when there is a hormonal fluctuation, acne can be worsen or
developed. In the second and third trimester, and also for three months after
delivery, the level of acne become reduced. Surprisingly, after the hormone
returned to the normal level, some mother experience acne flare-up.
Before using any over-the-counter or
prescription acne medication, pregnant and breast feeding women should consult
their physicians. One of the many acne medication that is unsafe during
pregnancy is isotrtinoin. It causes birth defects therefore, should be avoided
if you plan to become pregnant.
hormonal therapy help to reduce acne?
When androgen is in excess, it cause
the skin oil gland to enlarge and produce more oil. As more oil is produced,
the skin pores become clogged and result acne flare-ups. Therefore, oral hormonal
therapies that are made of progestin's and estrogens minimise the production of
androgen in the body.
Birth control or oral contraceptive
known to reduce male sex hormones (androgens) that are responsible for the
formation of acne. Studies showed that, females with acne or pimples have a
tendency to have elevated levels of androgens.
Not all birth control pills have the
ability to reduce acne. There are three major contraceptive pills that
are effective for the control of acne associated with pregnancy and
menstruation. Those pills includes Estrostep, Yaz and Ortho Tri-Cyclen.
effects of oral contraceptive
Some of the common side effects
High blood pressure
Loss of libido
Less common But more serious side effects:
Heart related problems
Risk of cancer
Facts about women
Even if female acne occur repeatedly, it can be
Acne in men is somehow constant and more
consistent compared to women due to hormonal variation. Women's hormone
tends to vary more than men's.
than fifty percents of adult female experience rare acne flare-ups
large number of women experience pre-menstrual breakout
can appear at any ages in women's life. It can be during menopause,
pregnancy, in early adulthood.
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